Juniperus communis (Common Juniper)
Native: Northern Europe, N. America, south-west Asia.
Fruit are best known as a flavouring for gin, and in various dishes, but have also been used as a source of oil, as a diuretic in medicine and in Norway to make a beer. Commonly a sprawling shrub but may form a tree about 2-4m tall. Many garden varieties have been raised.
Foliage is of needle-type only, in whorls of three with a broad white band on upper surface and grey under surface.
Flowers open in March.
Fruits are about 0.6cm across and ripen to black in their second or third year.