Juniperus virginiana (Pencil Cedar)
Also known as: Eastern Redcedar
Native: Eastern and central N. America.
Location: Often cultivated in eastern and central N. America, and west and central Europe as an ornamental.
Height to about 15cm but occasionally twice the size and the tallest of junipers grown in gardens. There are several cultivated varieties: Juniperus virginiana cv. 'Glauca' has blue-green foliage.
Foliage has both types; the needle-like leaves are usually in pairs and the scale-like leaves are pointed.
Male and female flowers open in March, sometimes on the same tree, but usually separate. males are round, yellow; females smaller and green.
Fruit is smaller than other Junipers 0.3-0.6cm long, blue.