Trees by Genus

Genus 'Cunninghamia'

Cunninghamia lanceolata

Cunninghamia lanceolata (Chinese Fir)

Cunninghamia lanceolata

Native: China

Location: In China it plays a major role in forestry. Grown in large gardens and botanical collections.

Named after James Cunningham, who was the first European plant-hunter to visit China and discovered it in 1701. Height to 45m in home environment, but usually about 30m in cultivation.


Foliage consists of hard, pointed needles.

Pollen and Seed Cones

Cunninghamia lanceolata

Male and female cones are separate on the same tree. Males are in a large bunches at tips of shoots, and shed pollen in April. Females are also at shoot tips, about 12mm across.

Mature Cones

Cunninghamia lanceolata

Mature cones are up to 4 to 5cm across.