Picea abies (Norway Spruce)
Native: Mountains from Scandinavia to northwest Russia and in central Europe
Location: Grown through northern and central Europe and in eastern United States.
Norway spruce is perhaps best known in Britain as the Christmas tree. Height to 36m but maybe larger
Foliage has hard pointed needles and dark brown round buds.
Turpentine is extracted from the stem and the bark is still used for tanning in Germany
Pollen and Seed Cones
Cones open in May, males are about 10mm long, clustered at shoot tips. They turn yellow when shedding pollen. Females are erect, pink turning green at the end of May, turning downwards as the cone ripens.
Mature cones ripen from green to shiny brown in the autumn, 12cm to 15cm long.