Trees by Genus

Genus 'Picea'

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Picea abies
Picea asperata
Picea brachytyla
Picea breweriana
Picea engelmannii forma glauca
Picea glauca
Picea jezoensis var. hondoensis
Picea koyamai
Picea likiangensis
Picea mariana
Picea obovata
Picea omorika
Picea orientalis
Picea polita
Picea pungens
Picea pungens forma glauca
Picea rubens
Picea sitchensis
Picea smithiana
Picea spinulosa
Picea wilsonii

Picea abies (Norway Spruce)

Picea abies

Native: Mountains from Scandinavia to northwest Russia and in central Europe

Location: Grown through northern and central Europe and in eastern United States.

Norway spruce is perhaps best known in Britain as the Christmas tree. Height to 36m but maybe larger


Foliage has hard pointed needles and dark brown round buds.


Turpentine is extracted from the stem and the bark is still used for tanning in Germany

Pollen and Seed Cones

Picea abies

Cones open in May, males are about 10mm long, clustered at shoot tips. They turn yellow when shedding pollen. Females are erect, pink turning green at the end of May, turning downwards as the cone ripens.

Mature Cones

Picea abies

Mature cones ripen from green to shiny brown in the autumn, 12cm to 15cm long.