Swamp Cypress (Taxodium distichum)

Taxodium distichum

Also known as: Bald Cypress

Native: Swamps of south-eastern United States

Location: Grown in gardens and parks in Europe and North America.

Conifer. When near water their roots form 'knees' which stick up above the water level.


Leaves are soft and flat, evenly arranged in two rows. They turn a dull orange in the autumn and fall with their branchlets. Branchlets are arranged alternately or not quite opposite.

Pollen and Seed Cones

Taxodium distichum

Male cones appear in late autumn, turn yellow and shed pollen in April when the clusters are 10-30cm long. Female flowers are tiny green conelets about 2mm long at the base of male catkins.

Mature Cones

Taxodium distichum

Mature cones are about 25mm across, and ripen from green to brown.